Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of relevant sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for the two daywear and nightwear, derived from classic pajamas and involving versions of fashion and content.
The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.
The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first half of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a style in Britain and also the Western world as sleeping apparel for men until finally the Victorian period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different individuals in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, which is synonymous with Extended Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It's possible that we English took the routine like a superior a lot of Other people within the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term has become Utilized in London retailers. A pal furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty yrs in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was in some cases the situation with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is actually as a result of White Ants."
Conventional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants blend made from tender fabric, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people prefer to sleep or lounge in zenske pidzame only the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys are frequently bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, built to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Fall seats had been quite common on pajamas made before the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-1st century They are really instead exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are many variations in type which include short sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with zenske pidzame rib-knit trimmings are common. Typically worn by young children, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they've at times provided the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Use a style of shorter costume top over shorts or brief pants.
Pajamas may these days make reference to Females's mixture daywear, particularly in the US in which they grew to become well-known inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.